Food safety guidelines are quite similar when it comes to the preparation of food at home or in a restaurant. The difference is that a small mistake committed in a place where many people eat can lead to large-scale effects.
In fact, food safety is far from something too complex. On one hand, it depends on regulatory bodies and inspections. On the other, it is all about production, preparation and storage methods.
Household Food Safety Guidelines
When preparing food at home, you need to take into consideration several safety guidelines.
The first rule that should never be neglected is the purchase of fresh and quality products. Examine the labels and look for an expiration date. Never purchase items that seem to be developing mold or that look anything but fresh.
Food storage at home is the next step that can help you prolong the life of products and enjoy fresh, healthy meals. Know what the right temperature for the storage of each product is. Some ingredients need to be kept in air tight containers. Other products should be kept in dark and well-ventilated places. A number of foods should never be stored in the refrigerator. Know your products and how these should be stored.
Now we have reached food preparation. Have quality utensils and keep your kitchen impeccably clean. Any item or dish that looks damaged or dangerous should be replaced. Making compromises with kitchen equipment signifies making compromises with your health and the health of family members.
Remember that the kitchen board swarms with bacteria. Wipe often and use anti-bacterial products to prevent the contamination of foods. Impeccable hygiene is probably the most basic and important food safety guideline that every cook needs to master.
Thermal processing can help you deal with many dangerous organisms. Know how to cook and how long you need to stew, bake or boil your products. Meat, eggs and fish need to be fully cooked so that most dangerous organisms get killed.
Restaurant Food Safety Guidelines
Restaurants, cafés, fast food places and any other business that prepares and serves food for mass consumption should enforce food safety guidelines in a strict manner. Impeccable practices and strict rules should be designed to ensure the wellbeing and health of customers.
Everyone involved in food preparation should be aware of food safety practices. Cooks, waiters and other kitchen staff need proper training and instruction. Apart from being extremely dangerous, a glitch in the system can ruin the reputation of a company.
Hygiene is a must and the first step to follow. All employees need to wash their hands, the usage of gloves is advisory. Kitchen boards, pots and other utensils need to be kept impeccably clean.
Storage areas have to be designed to maintain suitable temperatures. Some foods and ingredients should be stored separately, which means that the availability of several chambers is needed.
Though most restaurants are quite busy and work in the kitchen is hectic, preparation procedures and times should be followed carefully. It is very important for meats to undergo extensive thermal processing before being served.
For best results, leftovers have to be discarded. Reheating those is really far from the best food safety practices.
It is in the interest of a business owner to introduce all of these practices. Safe food will keep customers happy and coming back to use the services of the restaurant or catering company.
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